Hearing Loss: Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment
A hearing is one of the basic human feelings. But a well-hearing person sometimes does not even know how hard it is for unvoiced people.
People with Hearing Impairments in the Society
A blind person is treated with increased attention when being in the public places. But people are not so are not so tolerant to the deaf ones: people are tired of shouting in the ear or repeating the same thing constantly. But about 10% of the population suffer from hearing disorders today, deafness has ceased to be the main problem of the elderly. Today, the loss of hearing and the ability to perceive sounds is even found in children.
Before you understand what methods you need to use in the treatment of hearing loss, the pharmacists of Pharmacy Mall will describe the causes of hearing problems.
- Ear inflammation;
- Infectious diseases;
- Certain medications application;
- Exposure to noise or vibration;
Often, several unfavorable factors can influence the hearing at the same time. It is extremely important to diagnose the disease in time, in this case, the chances of successful treatment increase.
First of all, you should visit a doctor-audiologist.
Otoscopy - examination of the tympanic membrane and the external ear can detect the presence of changes in the ear. This can be either mechanical damage or a pathological condition.
Audiometry - with the help of this available examination, the degree of hearing loss is determined. It is distinguished between tonal and verbal research, in which it is possible to determine the site of the lesion; further treatment of hearing depends on this discovery. Audiometry is mandatory in the diagnosis of neurosensory hearing loss.
Tympanometry consists of measurement and registration of an acoustic reflex. It is necessary for a detailed examination of the auditory tube, determination of pressure in the middle ear, the presence of fluid, the integrity of the chain of auditory ossicles. Reflectometry is indicated for differential diagnosis of the pathology of the inner and middle ear, to determine the threshold of discomfort, necessary for tuning the hearing aid.
When the structure of the outer and middle ear does not transmit the sound signal to the inner ear, it is known as a conductive hearing loss. The cause may be infection or damage (perforation of the tympanic membrane). Treatment for hearing loss of this type can be medicated or surgical.
The neurosensory lesion occurs as a result of the loss of sensitivity of the cochlea of the inner ear, as well as the disturbance of the auditory nerves. Sound waves reach the inner ear, but information does not enter the brain. Due to the irreversibility of the process, therapy is not always successful.
Hearing Loss Treatment
Treatment of hearing disorders with the help of drug therapy depends on the course and disease's stage, as well as its etiology. For example, in case of deafness due to infectious diseases (parotitis, measles), vascular changes, acute intoxication, various drugs are prescribed, which usually have side effects, and can also negatively affect other body functions. Therefore, medical treatment of hearing impairment is not considered the most acceptable.
You should also know that the ability to perceive sounds is affected by taking certain medications. Antibiotics, diuretics, and in some people even aspirin can cause hearing impairment: from unpleasant annoying noise to deafness.
Today, in addition to traditional methods, including the treatment by traditional remedies, alternatives become more and more popular.
Reflexotherapy - despite its low effectiveness, its use is justified, as it reduces some painful symptoms for patients, for example, tinnitus.
Electrostimulation (percutaneous and transcranial) is indicated for neurosensory hearing loss. The main effect is associated with an improved supply of oxygen to the brain and regulation of hemodynamics.
Acoustic stimulation - effect on the fibers of the auditory nerve. In practice, for greater effect, it is recommended to combine the acoustic effect with an intensity of more than 40 dB with an electric effect.
Treatment with Traditional Remedies
Treatment of hearing by traditional remedies is very diverse. For centuries it was the only way to improve this condition. But first, you need to find out the cause of the problem. Of course, if there are old defects in the tympanic membrane, traditional remedies can help a little. However, in acute inflammatory conditions, it is necessary to be treated only under the doctor's supervision. Moreover, do not to trust the traditional remedies absolutely.
In most cases, conservative treatment of the hearing organs does not bring the expected results and it is necessary to carry out corrective measures. To date, there are two ways:
- auditory prosthetics;
- cochlear implantation.